Campaign for Liberty has joined with 63 organizations in sending a letter to the California Attorney General's office opposing a proposed regulation requiring non-profit organizations to disclose the names of their donors to the state.
This regulation is just the latest attempt by statists to use so-called "donor disclosure" laws to intimidate individuals from becoming involved in the fight for liberty.
Campaign for Liberty will continue to oppose any demand that we hand over our supporters' confidential information to any government agent.
Here and below is the text of the letter to the California AG:
January 25, 2016
Jami L. Cantore, Deputy Attorney General
California Department of Justice
Charitable Trusts Section
300 S. Spring St., Suite 1702
Los Angeles, CA 90013
Re: December 11, 2015 Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking on Donor Confidentiality
Purportedly Under Title 11, Division 1, Chapter 4
Dear Ms. Cantore:
The 63 undersigned nonprofit organizations, entities, and lawyers, as well as the over 1,400 other interested parties concerned about privacy from government and the right of private association, collectively representing millions of donors and millions more potential donors across the country, and having many decades of experience in informing citizens of causes that are important for Americans and their communities, as well as having decades of experience developing relationships and private associations with citizen donors, submit these comments in response to the above-captioned proposed rulemaking about confidentiality of donor names now demanded by the Attorney General as part of the charitable solicitation registration process.
As an initial matter, the demands by the California Attorney General for names and addresses of donors to charities and other nonprofit organizations violate the privacy and private right of association of donors to tens of thousands of worthy causes. Secondly, we reject the notion that the demands are legal: They are (1) unconstitutional (despite recent decisions by the Ninth Circuit denying injunctive relief, but ignoring fundamental Supreme Court precedent such as NAACP v. Alabama), (2) illegal under post-Watergate reforms to federal taxpayer information privacy laws, and (3) neither required or contemplated by California’s charitable solicitation statute, nor needed for California’s law enforcement purposes. Thirdly, the proposed rulemaking fails to provide safeguards and adequately guarantee protections of confidential taxpayer information and privacy of donors to charitable, educational and other philanthropic causes from unauthorized disclosure to government officials, and even as to disclosure to the general public. Moreover, the provision of the proposed rule that the Attorney General will provide other state agencies, bureaus or departments confidential tax information pursuant to administrative subpoenas would make the Attorney General’s office a hub for further violations of privacy and federal law, cloaked from any obligation of notice for due process, and depriving charities or donors opportunity to seek court relief to block violations of federal law and privacy rights.
I. The AG’s demands for names and addresses of donors are unconstitutional.
While there are still several court challenges on constitutional grounds pending, the demands for names and addresses of donors violate the holding in NAACP v. Alabama, and are unconstitutional trespasses on the right and security of private association. The disclosure and inspection of donor names are susceptible to politically motivated abuses regardless of the political party of the current or future AGs – or members of their staffs. Also, it is well settled that charitable solicitations are protected by the First Amendment, so the AG’s threats to deny this right to charities wishing to protect the privacy of their donors is extortionate and abusive, and compounds the AG’s constitutional violations.
II. The AG’s demands for names and addresses on IRS Form 990 Schedule B violate federal law. Civil and criminal penalties apply to state officials.
Donor names and addresses on Schedule B of Form 990 filed with the Internal Revenue Service are deemed confidential by federal law. See, generally, IRC sections 6103 and 6104 governing confidential taxpayer information. Following post-Watergate reforms, federal law protects against unauthorized (1) disclosure to and (2) inspection by state officials. There are both civil and criminal penalties for state officials who disclose or inspect confidential taxpayer information without authorization under federal law. See IRC sections 7213 and 7213A. These penalties indicate the seriousness of the intended protections of taxpayer confidentiality that the AG is now violating.
The federal statutes are clear that confidential taxpayer information may be obtained only in limited circumstances, and with statutory checks on disclosure to and inspection by state officers and employees. IRC sections 6103 and 6104 foreclose the AG’s dragnet licensing demands for private donor information because they are not expressly authorized.
III. The AG’s demands using charitable solicitation registration are not authorized by California’s charitable solicitation statute, and are not needed for law enforcement purposes.
The AG’s demands creating disclosure to, and inspection by, herself and other state employees of confidential taxpayer information are not required or expressly authorized by California’s charitable solicitation statute, and certainly are not “necessary” -- a condition required by IRC section 6104(c)(3) -- to the licensing of charitable solicitation. If ever relevant to an investigation of a particular nonprofit, this federally protected confidential information may be obtained from the IRS under the lawful conditions of the controlling federal statutes, or by investigative methods consistent with the Fourth Amendment and particularized suspicion rather than through an unnecessary dragnet licensing process affecting all registrants and their donors.
IV. The proposed rule fails to provide safeguards and adequate protections of the confidentiality of donor names and addresses.
The proposed rule is striking in how it utterly lacks description of any safeguards, processes, protocols, or accountability to maintain confidentiality of donor information. It fails to adequately state how the AG will maintain and protect the confidentiality of donor information, and prevent accidental, reckless, and even willful disclosure and inspection in violation of federal law. It fails to state which employees in the AG’s office may and may not access this confidential information. It fails to provide notice to victims of breaches, fails to provide remedies, and fails to provide penalties or discipline for employees of the AG’s office who breach the confidentiality of donor names and addresses.
As stated above, the AG’s office will be a hub for further unlawful disclosures to other state agencies, bureaus or departments that themselves may have no safeguards. The proposed regulation’s failure to acknowledge the restrictions of disclosure to, or inspection by, certain state agencies as set forth in IRC sections 6103 and 6104 leaves open further violations of federal law, compounding the AG’s violations of IRC section 6103, yet cloaked from notice to victims. Since the AG has ignored and transgressed the federal law of confidentiality as if it did not apply to her, it is likely she will raise claims of defenses for breaches not contemplated by the federal statutes such as state sovereign immunity. And, the provision that other government offices merely agree “to maintain the confidentiality of the information received consistent with this regulation” without express safeguards not only risks further violations of federal law, but is an irresponsible extension of this regulation that is irresponsible on its face.
The proposed rule is not a serious effort. The unlawful demands for confidential taxpayer information by the AG are only further compounded by the proposed rule. The better course is for the AG to retract her demands for names and addresses of donors, or face the prospect of civil and even criminal challenges for her intentional acts.
Tags: privacy, first amemdnet, california. IRS